Amer Palace, also spelled and pronounced as Amber, is located in Amer, 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Jaipur, Rajasthan state, India. Amer, originally, was the capital of the state before Jaipur. It is an old fort, built in 1592 by Raja Man Singh.
The Amer Fort was built in red sandstone and marble and the Maotha Lake adds a certain charm to the entire Fort. The structure has four different parts, each with a separate entrance. The main entry to the fort is through the ‘Suraj Pol’ or Sun Gate which opens up into the main courtyard. This east-facing gate is also the main entrance to the palace and its position with respect to the rising sun is the source of its name. The ‘Jaleb Chowk’ is one of the four courtyards of the Amer Palace. The ‘Sila Devi’ Temple is right at the entrance to the main palace grounds. The second courtyard is famous for its ‘Diwan-e-Aam’ (Public Audience Hall), the ‘Sheesh Mahal’ and the ‘Sukh Mahal’.
Diwan-e-Aam or the ‘Hall of Public Audience’ is a beautiful hall stands on two rows of ornamented pillars and opens on three sides. It is said that king used to listen about needs and complaints of General public.
Sukh Niwaas, which is opposite to ‘Diwaan-e-Khaas’ having doors made of sandal wood and ivory. There is a channel running through the hall, which carried cool water that worked as an air cooler, with the aid of breeze. In this artistic hall cool climate was artificially created. It is said that the kings used to spend time in this Sukh Niwaas with their queens and sometimes with their mistresses that is why it is known as the residence of pleasure or pleasurable residence in English.
The Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace) is the most famous and beautiful part of Amber Fort. The Walls and ceiling of this hall is carved with beautiful paintings and flowers and that too made with pure glass.