Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Himalayas on top of the Jhandi Dhar hills. It is about 33 km north of the Almora town in Uttarakhand, India at altitudes ranging from 900 to 2,500 mts. Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary’s total covered area is 47.04 sq. kms. It was set up in 1988 for the conservation and protection of the shrinking broad leaf oak (Quercus) forests of the Central Himalayan region.
Binsar wildlife sanctuary is rich in diversified flora and fauna as the place is home to variety of species of plants include alpine flora, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, hanging mosses and many other species of wild flowers. Other main plants of this sanctuary are Kaphal (Myrica esculenta) , Pinus roxburghii, Engelhardtia spiicata, Macaranga pustulata, Quercus gloca, Quercus incana, Quercus leucotricophora(Banjh), Quercus semicarpifolia, Quercus dilatata, Cedrus deodara, Alnus napalensis, Aesculus indica, Pinus wallichiana , Quercus lanuginosa and Quercus floribunda, etc.
The sanctuary cover is mostly oak (three varieties) and rhododendron at higher altitudes and chir pine at the lower levels. In all, 25 types of trees, 24 kinds of bushes and seven varieties of grasses have been founded in the sanctuary.
This sanctuary is the home of many high altitude species of animals and birds. These includes Serow (Capricornis sumatiensis), Nemorhaedus goral (goral), Chital (Axis axis) Musk deer, Flying Squirrel (Petaurista petaurista), Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), leopard (Panthera Pardus), Sus scrofa, Black Bear, pine marten, Fox (Vulpes vulpes), Langur (Presbytis entellus), monkey (Macaca mulatta), Porcupine, Barking Deer(Muntiacus muntjak), ghoral (goat-antelope), black bear, monkeys, red fox, pine marten and porcupine, amongst others. Binsar is also home to many reptiles and a wide range of Butterflies.
The sanctuary has been declared an Important Bird Area by Bird Life International as there are more than 200 species of birds in the sanctuary including Forktail, Tits, Magpies, Nuthatches,Parakeets, eagles, Blackbirds, Laughingthrush, Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelana), Monal, Koklas, Woodpeckers and a range of others.
Best time to visit Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary
The best time to visit Binsar is during the month October to March.
Indians – 40
Foreigners – 100