Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashmi, is a major Indian festival celebrated on the tenth day of Ashvin month according to the Hindu calendar and by the Gregorian calendar, Dussehra falls in September or October. Dussehra is a Hindu festival that celebrates the victory of good over evil. The tenth day after Navratri is called Dussehra, on which number of fairs are organized throughout northern India, burning effigies of Ravana. It is also called “Vijaya Dashami” or "Vijayadasami" as this day marks the victory of Lord Rama over Ravana.
The Hindu epic of Ramayana tells the story of Lord Rama, the eight incarnation of Lord Vishnu, killed the ten-headed demon Ravana, in Satyug. Ravan had abducted Rama's wife Sita. Rama, along with his brother Lakshmana, follower Hanuman and an army of Vanars (Apes), headed towards Lanka (Ravana's Kingdom) in order to enter a war with Ravana and rescue Sita. According to Ramayana, Vanar is a species in satyuga who are capable to speak like human and lives socially like humans.
Many people of the Hindu faith observe Dussehra through special prayer meetings and food offerings to the gods at home or in temples throughout India. They also hold outdoor fairs (melas) and large parades with effigies of Ravana (a mythical king of ancient Sri Lanka). The effigies are burnt on bonfires in the evening. Dussehra is the culmination of the Navaratri festival.
When is Dussehra 2012?
Dussehra is the last day of Navratri; it falls on the 10th day of the waxing moon during the Hindu month of Ashvin (around September or October).
Dussehra in 2012 is on 24th of October.