Kaziranga National Park is one of the famous national park of India, located in the state of Assam and it has been declared as a world heritage site. It is the oldest park in assam covers an area of 430 Sq kms along the river Brahmaputra on the North and the Karbi Anglong hills on the South.
Mammals : The Park is the abode to more than 70% of One Horned Rhinoceros in the world.
The important wildlife found are – Wild buffalo, Tiger, Eastern Swamp deer, seven species of turtles and tortoises, Leopard, Fishing Cat, other Lesser cats, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civet, Sambar, Barking deer, Hog deer, Gaur, Hog Badger, Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Gangetic Dolphin and Otter etc.
Census figures of Big Five are – One horned Rhino-1855 (2006), Swamp Deer -468 (2000), Wild Buffalo- 1431 (2001), Tiger-85 (2000), Elephant-1246(2005).
Birds: Home to 25 Globally Threatened and 21 Near Threatened species of birds. So far 480 bird species have been identified and recorded in the Park. The Baza, Bengal Florican, Hornbills, Osprey etc. are the endangered species. Presence of Pelicans and various waterfowls both resident and migratory etc.
Aquatic Flora & Fauna– More than 150 perennial water bodies are located inside the Park, where water level fluctuates temporally resulting in the generation of a very rich aquatic floral diversity. More than 32 species of flora have so far been identified. More than 60 species of fishes have been recorded and is the breeding ground of many of the local species.
Best Season / Best time to visit Kaziranga National Park
The wildlife sanctuary experiences three main seasons and they are summer, monsoon and winter season. The Park can be best visited during the months from October to May.
- Winter (November to February) temperatures vary from a minimum of 5 degrees Celsius and can climb up to a high of around 30 degrees Celsius. This is the peak season for visiting and conditions are mild.
- Summer (March to May) temperatures range from a minimum of 25 degrees Celsius and go up to a maximum of 37 degrees Celsius. The summers are generally dry and uncomfortable. The month of May is the peak summer month. The period is ideal for spotting animals in the Park.
- Monsoon (June to September) offers enough rainfall to the region. The month of August receives the most amount of rainfall. It might not be the most apt time for visiting the wildlife sanctuary.
How to reach Kaziranga National Park
How to Reach Kaziranga by Air:
The nearest airport is situated at Guwahati, which is 217 kms. away from the park. The other airport is located at Jorhat, 97 kms. from Kaziranga that offers regular flights to Kolkata on Indian airlines. Kolkata is the major airport that offers connection to the other towns of India and abroad as well.
How to Reach Kaziranga by Rail:
The nearest railhead is Furkating, situated 75 kms. away from Kaziranga National Park which is well-connected to Guwahati on the broad gauge line. The trains that connect this place are Brahmaputra Express to Delhi and Kamrup Express to Howrah (Kolkata).
How to Reach Kaziranga by Road:
The nearest National Highway to this park is NH-37. Kaziranga is located at a distance of 217 km from Guwahati, at a distance of 96 km from Jorhat and at a distance of 75 km from Furkating.