Keoladeo National Park is situated in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. It is also known as Bharatpur bird sanctuary. It is home to migratory bird species in a protected area of 29 sq km. The largest Bird Reserve in India was declared as a protected sanctuary in the year 1971 and was included in UNESCO World Heritage Site list by the year 1985.
Keoladeo is famous as one of Asia’s finest birding areas, with over 380 resident and migrant species, including the Common, Demoiselle and the rare Siberian Cranes. It is also an excellent place to watch mammals like Golden Jackal, Striped Hyaena, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Nilgai, Sambar, Blackbuck and wild Boar. The park derives its name from the temple of Keoladeo (Shiva) and ‘ghana’ which locally means dense, implying the nature of the vegetation. During the cool winter months it is also possible to see large Indian Pythons sunning themselves.
species of flora and fauna
- Birds: Sarus Crane, Siberian Crane, Storks, Ducks, Cormorants, Common Teal, Gadwall, Herons, Shoveler, Tufted Duck, Cotton Teal, Little Cormorant, Comb Duck, Indian Shag, Great Cormorant, Ruff, White Spoonbill, Painted Stork, Oriental Ibis, Darter, Asian Open-Billed Stork, Common Sandpiper, Green Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Migratory Waterfowl,
- Mammals: Indian Hare, Spotted Deer, Feral Cattle, Wild Boar, Small Indian Mongoose, Porcupine, Common Indian Gray Mongoose, The Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Asian Palm Civet, Smooth-Coated Otter, Small Indian Civet, Jackals, Hyenas, Mice, Rats, Gerbils, Leopards, Bats Langur, Bengal Fox, Jackal, Blackbuck, Striped Hyena, Chital, Hog Deer, Sambar, Wild Boar, Nilgai, Feral Cattle, Blue Bull
- Reptiles: Russell’s Viper, Bi-Colored Leaf-Nose Bat, Indian Porcupine, Cobra, Python, Krait, Rhesus Macaque, Common Monitor Lizard
- Alam, Jamun, Kadam, Babul, Ber, Kandi, Piloo and Kair
Best time to visit Keoladeo National Park
October to February is the best time, for the migratory birds are there as well as the residents. But the park is a treat all year round.
Summer temperatures reach a maximum of 470C and a minimum of 350C. In winter the temperatures reach a maximum of 350C and a minimum of 50C The monsoon precipitation is about 69 cm.
How to Reach Keoladeo Ghana National Park
The Delhi airport is about 5-6 hours from the Bharatpur bird sanctuary.
By Rail/ Train
Bharatpur is connected with regular train services with all the major cities of India such as Delhi, Jaipur, Agra and Mumbai. The Bharatpur railway station is 6 Kms from the bird sanctuary.
An excellent network of road services connects Bharatpur to all the major cities of Rajasthan and neighboring states like Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. Bharatpur is well connected by road from Agra (55-kms), Delhi (176-kms) and Jaipur (176-kms).