Tirupati is one of the most popular temple towns situated in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. It lies close to the Tirupati Temple, which is located in the hills of Tirumala. The temple attracts millions of devotees every year and is one of the most visited pilgrimage centres of the world.
Tirumala-Tirupati is built around seven hills that are also known as Sapthagiri after the seven hoods of the cosmic serpent Sheshnag. The temple of Sri Venkateswara is situated on the seventh peak called Venkatadri. Lord Venkateswara is also called the Lord of the Seven Hills. This temple has acquired a special sanctity in the Hindu religion. The benefits that accrue by a pilgrimage to this holy town is mentioned in the Vedas and Puranas.
How to reach Tirupati
Tirupati by Air
Renigunta is the main airport of Tirupati, which is about 15 km away from the city. Regular flights are available from Chennai, Hyderabad and Bangalore to Tirupati. Taxi services are available from the airport to the city center. Nearest International airport is Chennai, which is connected to all major cities in India and many cities abroad.
Tirupati by Rail
Tirupati is a major junction in South Central Railways, which is connected by trains from Bangalore, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Madurai and Mumbai. A major railhead nearby is Renigunta, which is 15 km away. Renigunta is located in Trivandrum – Delhi route, which is connected to all cities in India by rail.
Tirupati by Road
National Highway NH 205 passes through Renigunta and hence is accessible from Chennai (3-4hrs), Bangalore (5+ hours), Hyderabad (10-12 hours) and other nearby cities. APSRTC buses connect all towns in Andhra Pradesh with Tirupati. Tamil Nadu public transport corporation buses connect many cities in the state with Tirupati.
Best Season / Best time to visit Tirupati
- Winters (December to February) are very pleasant with the minimum mercury level of above 15°C, most of the travelers like this season.
- Summers (March to June) are hot with maximum temperature going up to 42°C to 45 ° tourists typically avoid the hot summer months especially April and May.
- Monsoons (July to September) give relief to the hot climate with medium rainfalls, Tirupati looks good during the mild showers.
Major Attractions of Tirupati
Sri Venkateswara Temple:
This temple is one of the most visited ones and proudly owns the title of being the richest in the entire world. Perched on the seventh peak of the Tirupati Hills. Shri Venkateshwara Temple is the abode of Lord Venkateshwara or Lord Balaji, within the chamber of which is the grandiose Swayambhu or the naturally formed image of the Lord. the temple features the ancient scriptures like Shastras, Puranas and Sthala Mahatyams. This temple is said to be the only way to salvation (Moksha) in the Kali yuga (Dark Age) and a visit to this temple is recommended even in the ancient scriptures.
|Sri Govindarajaswami Temple: |
Shri Govindarajaswami temple is one of the major tourist attractions in Tirupati. In the year 1130 AD Saint Ramanujacharya sanctified the temple. Within the temple complex you will come across museum and a collection of shrines of Sri Parthasarathy, Godadevi Aandal and Pundarikavalli. Sayanamurti (Lord in a sleeping posture) is the chief deity.
Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple:
This temple is located in the heart of Tirupati and the presiding deities of this temple are Sita, Rama and Lakshmana. This temple was constructed by Chola king during the tenth century AD. This temple, according to legend, celebrates the visit of Sri Rama. The main festivals celebrated in this temple are Ugadi and Sri Ramanavami.
Sri Kapileshwaraswami Temple:
This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is at the foot of the Tirumala Hills. Here, you will also find the holy waterfall called Kapila Teertham (Alwar Teertham). It is one of the most recommended places to visit in Tirupati.
This charming place is home to the well-known temple of Sri Padmavathi Devi (Goddess Lakshmi), the wife of Sri Venkateswara. Peple are of the belief that a visit to Tirupati temple is gratifying only after paying reverence to Sri Padmavati Devi Temple. Don’t miss out this hallowed place on your tour to Tirupati.
Asthana Mandapam in Tirupati attracts many visitors. It is a spot for carrying out devotional programs, music concerts and bhajans, conducted under the support of Dharma Prachara Parishad.
Chandragiri was the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire, situated at a distance of 12 kilometers from Tirupati. The Chandragiri Fort represents the elegance of the Vijayanagara Empire accommodating palaces and temples.
It is the sanctified tank, next to the Venkateshwara Temple, where the pilgrims take bath before entering the main temple.
Sri Venkateswara National Park:
Sri Venkateswara National Park is another attraction amidst the range of sanctuaries in India, which is situated at a distance of 10 km from Tirupati, the park sprawls in an area of 353 sq km, over the Kadapa and Chittoor districts of Andhra Pradesh.
Kalahasti is known for ‘Panchaboothakshetra’, a group of five wonderful temples. Located about 40 km from Tirupathi, this ancient site has marvelous shrines. According to Hindu vedas ‘Panchbhoota’ refers to ‘the five elements of nature’ – Earth, Space, Wind, Fire and Water. Each element is represented by one temple.
Situated around 65 km from Tirupati, Nagalapuram is famous for embracing an ancient temple. Built by Krishnadeva and his mother Nagamba, this temple is dedicated to ‘Lord Vedanarayana’. The superb architecture of the temple possess intricate carving. On the day of ‘Surya Puja’, an annual festival, the sun rays fall on the feet, navel and forehead of the deity, as the day progresses.
Ramagiri is a small hamlet, lying at a distance of 5 km from Nagalapuram. This place has imposing mountains, where one temple is sited in the foothills and other at the top of the hill. Owing to the Kaalbhairava Temple, Ramagiri is also known as ‘Bhairava’.